Jury Instruction – Judicial directive to the jurors regarding the law or the requirements of service in the case. A jury instruction is given by the judge to the members of the jury to explain what is happening in the court, to explain the law, to explain certain aspects of the evidence, and to assist the jurors in understanding their duties in reaching a verdict.

Some instructions are given at the start of a trial, others during the trial, and some at the close of the trial, which customarily include instructions regarding the law that the jurors are to apply to their understanding of the evidence they perceived during the trial in order to reach a verdict. Other instructions may be given by the judge during the jurors’s deliberations.